In a typical con, the perpetrator will spend weeks or even months building up a romantic relationship with a victim through e-mails, texts or phone calls, before eventually asking for money.
The victims reported collective losses of $50.4 million, which is likely only a fraction of the actual losses since many victims are too embarrassed to file a report, the FBI said.
About 70% of the victims were female; more than half were women 40 years or older.
Joy was a 20-year-old woman selling sex along with many other young Nigerian women in the Bois de Vincennes, on the immediate outskirts of Paris.
Immediately prior to this I had asked her whether she had decided to work in the sex industry for herself, which she promptly denied.
That law applies to all Muslims and to those who have voluntarily consented to application of the Shari'a courts.