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A varve is an annual layer of sediment or sedimentary rock.
The word 'varve' derives from the Swedish word varv whose meanings and connotations include 'revolution', 'in layers', and 'circle'.
More recently introduced terms such as 'annually laminated' are synonymous with varve.
Of the many rhythmites in the geological record, varves are one of the most important and illuminating in studies of past climate change.
This forms a pair of layers—one coarse and one fine—for each annual cycle.